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Guide to levels of risk of negative health consequences from dysphagia for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

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Dysphagia refers to problems that people may have with eating, drinking and swallowing (Robertson et al., 2018). It can have significant negative effects on the people physical and emotional wellbeing of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (Chadwick, 2017; Chadwick et al., 2006; Robertson et al., 2018). Dysphagia occurs in a significant proportion of those with intellectual and developmental disabilities (Chadwick & Jolliffe, 2009; Robertson et al., 2017). There are a number of strategies to manage the risks of dysphagia for this group (Chadwick, 2017; Chadwick et al., 2014; Chadwick et al., 2003), which includes assessing, raising awareness and managing risk.
Risk assessments involved a detailed examination of systems to identify factors that could contribute to or cause harm to an individual. This guide was developed as part of the National Patient Safety initiative between 2005 and 2007 to support identification of factors that increase the risk of negative health consequences arising from a person’s dysphagia. The primary negative health consequences considered are asphyxiation and/or choking episode, aspiration incidents, dehydration and poor nutritional status

Author
Dr D.D. Chadwick